A meatless diet can be healthy, but vegetarians — especially vegans — need to make sure they’re getting enough vitamin B12, calcium, iron, and zinc. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics warns of the risk of vitamin B12 deficiencies in vegetarians and vegans. Vitamin B12 is found naturally only in animal products.
Why is vitamin B12 often deficient in a vegetarian diet?
Unlike some other B vitamins, B12 is not found in any plant food other than fortified cereals. It is, however, abundant in many meats and fish, and in smaller amounts in milk and eggs. This makes it difficult for people following a strict vegetarian diet to get the necessary amount of vitamin B12.
What nutrients are vegetarians short of?
As children grow, they need loads of nutrients – a vegetarian diet should include:
- Protein alternatives (such as nuts, eggs, legumes and tofu).
- Energy for growth and development.
- Iron to prevent anaemia.
- Vitamin B12.
- Vitamin D and calcium to prevent bone disease.
- Suitable fats from non-meat sources.
What vitamins are important for vegetarians?
Vegetarians need to make sure they get enough iron and vitamin B12, and vegans enough calcium, iron and vitamin B12. Women are thought to be at particular risk of iron deficiency, including those on a vegetarian or vegan diet.
Are vegetarians deficient in B6?
Vegetarians should be considered as the vulnerable group for vitamin B2 and vitamin B6 deficiencies.
How can I get B12 naturally?
To increase the amount of vitamin B12 in your diet, eat more of foods that contain it, such as:
- Beef, liver, and chicken.
- Fish and shellfish such as trout, salmon, tuna fish, and clams.
- Fortified breakfast cereal.
- Low-fat milk, yogurt, and cheese.
What percentage of meat eaters are B12 deficient?
In all, 52% of vegans, 7% of vegetarians and one omnivore were classified as vitamin B12 deficient (defined as serum vitamin B12 < 118 pmol/l).
How do vegetarians get all their nutrients?
To get the most out of a vegetarian diet, choose a variety of healthy plant-based foods, such as whole fruits and vegetables, legumes and nuts, and whole grains. At the same time, cut back on less healthy choices, such as sugar-sweetened beverages, fruit juices and refined grains.
What are the best sources of protein for vegetarians?
The following healthful, plant-based foods have a high-protein content per serving:
- Tofu, tempeh, and edamame. Share on Pinterest Soy products such as tofu, tempeh, and edamame are among the richest sources of protein in a vegan diet. …
- Lentils. …
- Chickpeas. …
- Peanuts. …
- Almonds. …
- Spirulina. …
- Quinoa. …
What are the bad things about being vegetarian?
It can make you gain weight and lead to high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and other health problems. You can get protein from other foods, too, like yogurt, eggs, beans, and even vegetables. In fact, veggies can give you all you need as long as you eat different kinds and plenty of them.
Do vegetarians live longer?
This may explain why a recent review found that while vegetarians are more likely to live longer than the general population, their life expectancy is no higher than that of similarly health-conscious meat eaters ( 23 ).
Do vegetarians eat dairy products?
Lacto-vegetarians do not eat meat, poultry, fish, or eggs. They do eat dairy products, such as milk, yogurt, and cheese. Ovo-vegetarians do not eat meat, poultry, fish, or dairy. They do eat eggs.
Do vegetarians drink milk?
A vegan diet excludes animals and their byproducts. That means that vegans do not eat meat, poultry, fish, eggs, milk or other dairy products, or honey. Vegans also do not eat products that contain animal-derived ingredients, even in small amounts.
What are the symptoms of low vitamin B6?
Here are 9 signs and symptoms of vitamin B6 deficiency.
- Skin Rashes. Share on Pinterest. …
- Cracked and Sore Lips. …
- Sore, Glossy Tongue. …
- Mood Changes. …
- Weakened Immune Function. …
- Tiredness and Low Energy. …
- Tingling and Pain in Hands and Feet. …
How do vegetarians get B6?
The best plant sources of vitamin B6 include nutritional yeast, muesli, fortified vegan breakfast cereals, avocados, pistachio nuts, wheat germ, acorn squash, banana, quinoa, sunflower seeds, corn on the cob, wholemeal spaghetti, Brussel’s sprouts, spring greens, chestnuts, hazelnuts, oranges, tahini (sesame seed paste …
How do vegans get B12?
The only reliable vegan sources of B12 are foods fortified with B12 (including some plant milks, some soy products and some breakfast cereals) and B12 supplements, such as our very own VEG 1. Vitamin B12, whether in supplements, fortified foods, or animal products, comes from micro-organisms.